News from the Bush School

Texas A&M Bush School Researchers Score Texas Local Government Transparency

October 13, 2014

Mosbacher Takeaway

Politicians promise, and citizens expect, greater transparency in the administration of government activities.  Still, despite the growing consensus that there should be more transparency, citizens frequently lack the information needed to determine if their expectations have been met, assert two Texas A&M University professors who specialize in governance research.

Dominic Bearfield and Ann Bowman, both faculty members of Texas A&M’s Bush School of Government and Public Service, have studied transparency issues extensively, and their most recent findings are published in the latest Takeaway policy paper from the Mosbacher Institute for Trade, Economics, and Public Policy. The research focused on what information Texas cities are providing via their websites and how useful that information is to citizens.

Domonic Bearfield, an associate professor whose research focuses on governance and public sector personnel, led a team of researchers who developed the Texas Transparency Project.  Professor Ann Bowman holds the Hazel Davis and Robert Kennedy Endowed Chair in Government and specializes in state and local politics and management, public policy, and intergovernmental relations.

“Clearly, the Internet has changed the relationship between citizens and their government,” said Bowman.  “Governments at all levels use their websites to provide citizens with detailed information that a few years ago would have been kept in agency filing cabinets,” she added.

The evaluation of Texas cities’ websites was based on the framework established by Pew’s Government Performance Project2 of four significant dimensions of management: money, people, infrastructure, and information.  Looking for evidence of managerial best practices in local jurisdictions, the scholars operated on the working assumption that a transparent local government is one that makes information about these managerial practices and decisions easily accessible on its website.

“Just posting data and documents online isn’t real transparency,” said Bearfield. “Citizens want organized, clear, and useful information to help them evaluate their government’s efficiency of operations,” he added.

So what’s the bottom line?  Bearfield and Bowman say that Texas cities have not fully embraced e-government transparency.  With a maximum possible score of 42, Houston and San Antonio earned a 34, with Austin close behind at 33. The lowest scoring cities are generally smaller communities with populations of 20,000 or less.  With an average score of 16.7, the typical Texas city only posts about 40 percent of the indicators on line.

“While some cities have been successful, it’s obvious there’s room for improvement,” said Bearfield.

The full Takeaway publication, “Texas Cites in the Era of Government Transparency,” can be found on the Mosbacher Institute’s website (