News from the Bush School

Huang, Shifrinson Publish Articles in International Security

May 06, 2016

Shifrinson and Huang

Dr. Joshua R. Itzkowitz Shifrinson and Dr. Reyko Huang

Two faculty members in the International Affairs Department at the Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University have published articles this month in the leading academic journal in the field of international security studies.  Assistant Professor Reyko Huang and Assistant Professor Joshua R. Itzkowitz Shifrinson both have articles in the spring 2016 (Volume 40, Number 4) edition of International Security ( 

Professor Huang’s article, “Rebel Diplomacy in Civil War,” demonstrates that even in civil wars, rebel groups expend significant resources opening offices in foreign capitals, meeting with heads of state, expanding their overseas networks, appealing to international organizations, and contacting foreign media.  Using both an original quantitative data base and qualitative analysis based on newly available archival material, Professor Huang shows that rebel diplomacy is commonplace and that many groups demonstrate as much concern for overseas political campaigns as they do for domestic and local mobilization. Diplomacy, furthermore, is not a weapon of the militarily weak but is a tactical choice for rebel groups seeking political capital within an international system that places formidable barriers against the entry of non-state entities.

Professor Shifrinon’s article, “Deal or No Deal?  The End of the Cold War and the US Offer to Limit NATO Expansion,” uses newly declassified documents to join an active scholarly debate on just what the United States promised to the Soviet Union in the negotiations that helped to end the Cold War.  Professor Shifrinson concludes that American policy makers presented their Soviet counterparts with implicit and informal assurances in 1990 strongly suggesting that NATO would not expand in post–Cold War Europe if the Soviet Union consented to German reunification but that such assurances were never codified in formal agreements.  The documents also show that the United States used the reunification negotiations to exploit Soviet weaknesses by depicting a mutually acceptable post–Cold War security environment while actually seeking a system dominated by the United States and opening the door to NATO’s eastward expansion. 

International Security is published by MIT Press and is edited at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University.  According to Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports, it is the most frequently cited journal in the field of international relations.