Dr. Bryce Hannibal Presents at American Sociological Association’s Annual Conference

October 15, 2017

Dr. Hannibal presented two research projects at the annual meeting of the ASA held in Montreal, Canada.

For the first project, “Public Concern and Support for Regulation of UOGD: Individual and Contextual Influences on Texas Residents,” the ISTPP research team examines the effect of county-level characteristics on individuals’ opinions and policy preferences about hydraulic fracturing in Texas. Using data from ISTPP’s 2015 Water-Energy-Food Nexus Public Opinion Survey, combined with data from FracFocus, the Environmental Protection Agency, the US Drought Monitor, and the Willmott and Feddema climatic moisture index, the researchers determine whether proximity to a well and natural environmental conditions influence concerns and policy preferences about fracking. Using multilevel modeling techniques, the team finds mixed results. Some measures of proximity and drought influence attitudes about fracking, while others do not. They conclude with some policy recommendations, note some problems and concerns about the lack of transparency around hydraulic fracturing, and address existing limitations in data collection and availability of data for widespread analysis.

For the second project, “Network Diversity and Network Change in Creative Careers,” Dr. Hannibal hypothesizes that brokerage and closure over time has both a helping and hindering effect on one’s success in the creative careers labor market. Specifically, individuals can be both over and under embedded in their networks, both of which impact success. Using a longitudinal networks dataset of collaborating jazz musicians between 1945 and 1958, Hannibal applies existing theoretical frameworks in network analysis to determine the effect of network dynamics on labor market success. Regarding network diversity, he finds that a balance between personnel change and reoccurring collaboration over time provides optimal network structure for success. He also finds evidence that one’s diverse set of stylistic skills, which is directly tied to collaboration in jazz, increases success. This study contributes to the literature on the influence of social capital on long-term labor market outcomes in creative careers as well as augments the over embeddedness hypothesis by examining an under embeddedness hypothesis longitudinally.

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